Vietnam, Socialist Republic of

Capital: HanoiArea: 331 . 210 km2Population: 92 . 792 . 175Official Language: VietnameseArmed Forces Personnel: 482 . 000Military hospitals / institutes / schools: 4 / 2 /

Surgeon General
Vu Quoc Binh MD PhD
Major General

Surgeon General, VPA
276 Nghi Tam Tay Ho

Basic Task of the Military Medical Service
Vietnam Military Medical Corps has the following tasks:
• Building up the revolutionary, regular modern Military
Medicine; Supporting the Vietnam People Army to carry
out successfully all tasks in any condition; Joining the
healthcare system to take care the health of Vietnamese
• Implementing medical measures to take care of military
personnel; Timely and well cure wounded and ill soldiers,
in order to restore the fighting and working ability for
wounded and ill soldiers;
• To organize the medical supplies for taking care of military
personnel and curing of wounded and ill soldiers;
• Preventive medicine;
• Military medical training and research.



Military Medical Command
The Vietnam Military Medical Corps is a force of high mobility,
well experienced in providing medical assistance for
emergencies, organized in a closed system under the lead -
ership of the Military Medical Department, Ministry of National
Defence in the following main working missions: combat
readiness in any accidental situation (natural calamity,
storms...), care of sick soldiers, disease prevention, education
and research, military medicine international relations,
drug and equipment insurance, family and population control,
traditional medicine and civilian – military medicine.

Military Hospitals
Presently, Vietnam divide into military zones in which there
are one to two Military Hospitals, some local hospitals with
12.000 beds, among them, one is a special class hospital,
one of the four nationwide. The National Institute of Burns,
managed by the military, is a final care hospital for burn
treat ment nationwide, a main force in tackling explosion
accidents causing great burns. In addition to provide health
care for soldiers and people, the Vietnam Military Medical
Corps has pioneering development in some areas of modern
medicine science at the national level such as organs transplant,
the first cases of viscera transplants in Vietnam have
been conducted in military hospital such as: kidney transplant
in 1992, liver transplant in 2003 and heart transplant in 2010.

The Vietnam Military Medical Corps have two institutes: The
Institute of Naval Medicine and the Aerospace Medical Institute.
The Institute of Naval Medicine provides medical examinations
for maritime staff and Special Forces divers and The
Aerospace Medical Institute provides medical examinations
for the aviation staff.

Photo Institute of Naval Medicine Photo Aerospace Medical Institute

Field Deployments
Vietnam Military Medical Corps takes part in various international
Field Hospital Level 2 has been performed to join peace -
keeping operations by Vietnam Military Medical Corps in near future.

Photo Mutilateral Naval Exercise KOMODO, Indonesia, 2014 Photo HADR&MM exercise in Brunei Darrusalam

Photo ASEAN Regional Desaster Emergency Response Simulation Exercise

Photo Field Hospitals participating in the 60th Anniversary of Dien Bien Phu Victory

Civil-Military Cooperation
Recognizing the role and capability of the military medicine,
the government of Vietnam has outlined the Joint Military-
Civilian Program (coordinated operations between the Ministry of Health
and Ministry of National Defence) in protection
and care for people’s health. In some periods, Director General
of the Military Medicine Department also serves as
Deputy Minister of Health; senior military medicine officers
were seconded to the Ministry of Health. In line with the program,
military medicine units have actively examined, treat -
ed and provided first aid for people. According to general
estimation, non-military people go to military medicine units
accounting for over 60% of the patients. Annually, military
doctors in hospitals and clinics of the Armed Forces have
examined more than 3 million people, over 1 million treated
in bed, 100,000 received first aid, and 200,000 got surgery.
The Vietnam Military Medical Corps has actively taken part in
consolidation of local medical system, 10 years recently, 400
civilian-military medical clinics have been fully consolidated,
more than 800 others have been consolidated in accordance
to their working missions. The total of village medical clinics,
through the Joint Civilian–Military program that the armed
forces already have realized representing 10% that of nation
wide's, of that total, over 70% have been conducted in the
remote, border and off shore areas.

Vietnam Military Medical Corps actively engaged in pan -
demic prevention. In 2003, regarding to SARS pandemic,
Military Medical Corps has timely detected and separated,
pasteurized, sterilized epidemic pesthole avoiding from outbreak
and successfully contained it and received high appreciation
from the World Health Organization. In 2009, H1N1
influenza pandemic appeared and quickly out broke, complicated,
and effected many countries, including Vietnam, comprehensive
measures against the pandemic had been taken
thus the influenza timely contained. Presently, we have built
a model of 7 field hospitals ready to be deployed in the accidental

Besides engaging actively and effectively in protecting and
caring people’s health, making an important contribution to
realizing social-economic targets, we also take part in tackling
environmental issues and humanitarian assistance:

• Resolve issues of orange toxic agent victims: Vietnam Military
Medical Corps provides support for the friendship village
- the centre to look after and treat soldiers, who are
the victim of orange toxic agent and their children; build -
ing 20 centres for toxic decontamination, body dioxin level
identification, building the care centre for the poor of
orange toxic agent.

• Our Armed Forces are actively involve in voluntary blood
donation and blood usage. Military hospitals, each year,
receive from different sources of about 10,000 liters of
blood, of 85% voluntarily contributed by soldiers. The
blood, that was received, has been used for patient who
are civilian representing over 90%.

In disaster relief, military medicine is a core force for the
participation of the Armed Forces. The mission for medical
insurance in emergencies receives due attention from
government, ministries and other sectors. The Vietnam
Government has established a system of management for
medical insurance in emergencies. Standing Committee of
the National Committee for Search and Rescue is stationed
at the Ministry of National Defence. Disaster relief response
coordination carried out under the regulations of the government,
implemented by the Armed Forces coordinating with
relevant offices. An emergency occurs, the Defence Ministry
will deploy force, equipment, and military medicine to conduct