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Italian Republic

Capital: RomeArea: 301 . 336 km2Population: 60 . 918 . 000Official Language: ItalianArmed Forces Personnel: 181 . 450Medical Officers: 1 . 566Military hospitals / institutes / schools: 3 / 2 /
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Surgeon General
Enrico Tomao
Lieutenant General

Italian Defence General Staff
General Inspectorate of the Military Health
Via di Santo Stefano Rotondo, 4
00184 Rome
ITALY

Basic Task of the Military Medical Service

The Military Medical Service shall:
• Check the suitability of citizens for military service.
• Check the suitability of military personnel for un - conditional military service. • Take care of the health status of the military personnel.
• Ensure for the supply and fitting of technical materials and general service required in time of peace, war or serious international crisis.
• Any other legal requirement under the provisions of the present Military Code, regulations or by law. 

Structure

(Currently, there is an ongoing re-organization process of the Military Health Services.) 

Surgeon General 
The Italian Military Medical Service is built on top of a joint body, formed by the General Inspectorate of the Military Health Services, framed within the Defence General Staff organization and it is the health policy-making body of the Chief of Defence. 

Reporting directly to the Ministry of Defence, the Forensic Medicine Board is the supreme joint consultancy body of the State, in the field of forensic medicine cases. Each service – Army, Navy, Air Force and Carabinieri – has its own medical service that depends on the respective commands. 

The main assets of the Italian Military Medical Service consist of the facilities for:
• Health care and Preventive Medicine (some 300 Unit clinics deployed at Regiment/Battalion level to provide basis level of care).
• Diagnosis, hospitalization and treatment (3 Armed Forces military hospitals).
• Forensic Medicine (13 Military Departments of Forensic Medicine).
• Selection (13 centres/ bodies for medical selec - tion of personnel). • Training (own Armed Forces have training Centres).
• Research (Research Centre of the Army, Department of Aviation Medicine).
• Medical Airworthiness of personnel (2 Air Force Forensic Medicine Institutes). 

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Regional Medical Facilities 
Role 1 medical facilities in each military unit (Battalion/ Regiment level, Airports, Naval Bases, ships, etc…) 

Military Hospitals 
Roma            (Army) Role 4
Milan             (Army)
Taranto          (Navy)

Institutes 
2 Air Force Institutes for Flight Fitness Evaluation. 

Number of Medical Personnel

Physicians:

Army
Navy
Air Force
Carabinieri
965
197
284
120


Nurses:

Army
Navy
Air Force
Carabinieri
723
564
605
103


Training 
Each Armed Force provides primary and basic training to their own medical personnel. 

Field Deployments

The medical functions of preventive medicine, forensic medicine, emergency medicine, stabilization and evacuation of wounded and sick, and occupational health, are insured by the medical services of the Armed Forces who are responsible for providing direct support to agencies and departments operating abroad. Medical functions related to the diagnosis, care and treatment, and suitability for military service are insured by the Military Hospitals. For missions abroad, medical facilities are defined from time to time by the Joint Operational Command, if it is a joint operation, or by the respective Service commands if it is a single service operation, in compliance with the provisions con - tained in the NATO publications MC 326/3 and related AJP 4.10 and AJMedPs. In particular, the tactical aeromedical evacuation is guaranteed by “combined” assets, which Italy participates to with rotary and fixed wings aircraft. For what strategic aeromedical evacuation is concerned, Italy has its own military means, in terms of non-dedicated aircraft but with medical equipment and teams on board, which provide, through the activation of specific procedures, the quick return to home country of injured/deceased.

Civil-Military Cooperation

The Military Medical Services may enter into agreements with the Public Health organization for the exchange of medical professionals and for training purposes. 

Other Special Aspects

The Military Medicine Journal (Giornale di Medicina Militare – GMM) was established in 1851. It boasts to be the oldest military journal of Italy and is among the oldest still pub - lished military publications of Europe. Besides it is very likely to be the oldest Italian periodical of Medical Sciences too. On its pages it has reported achievements in medicine through over a century and a half. By reviewing military medicine studies and experiences, it has diachronically transformed itself reaching the quality standard of the best Italian and foreign specialized magazines thanks to the contribution of prominent medical figures. 

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Until today the GMM has been published, without interruptions, by the Ministry of Defence and handed out, free of charge, to the highest institutional offices, to all the Medical Officers of the Armed Forces and the National Health Service branches. 

The GMM is handed out also to Italian Universities’ Rectors, Italian Embassies abroad and the foreign magazines of military medicine with which the JOURNAL cooperates and exchanges information.
The print version of the GMM has been recently joined by an on-line version that will allow a global access to scientific, informative and commercial contents of the JOURNAL. Back issues of the print GMM can be found at the JOURNAL.