Thailand, Kingdom of

Capital: BangkokArea: 513.115 km2Population: 69.428.524Official Language: ThaiArmed Forces Personnel: 314.000Medical Officers: 752Military Hospitals / Institutes: 37/n/aMissions: multiple

Surgeon General
Chumpol Piamsomboon MD
Lieutenant General

Royal Thai Army Medical Department
8 Phaya Thai Road, Ratchathewee
Bangkok 10400

Basic Tasks of Medical Service
• Medical Specialist Staff advisor to Chief of Army on all medical matters.
• Command Soldiers Performance Centre.
• Define its research policies of the Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences.
• Supervise Phramongkutklao Medical Centre.
• Supervise the operational readiness of all Army Medical Units.
• Develop medical support doctrine and procedures for the Army and supervise their implementation.
• Develop training standards, systems and syllabi and ensure the professional training of Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Army Nursing College and all army Medical units.
• Responsible for all health matters in the Royal Thai Army.



Medical Facilities
Phramongkutklao Medical Centre


• The major role of the Royal Thai Army for conduct training for many nursing and enlisted medical specialities to support the Royal Thai Army.
• Promoting excellent medical education, training, pathologic investigation service, research and medical care for the purpose of reliability acceptation and faith of Thai people.
• Integrated health care delivery system offering military families, in the Thai Kingdom, access to quality, comprehensive medical care.

Phramongkutklao Hospital, Bangkok


• The excellent medical care centre to military personnel and civilian.
• Training centre for medical specialists.
• 1200 beds in full capacity.

Phramongkutklao College of Medicine


• The medical student cadet institute that produces military physicians to serve all 3 forces of Royal Thai Armed Forces by the integration of medical knowledge and military medicine so that medical service can be provided both during war and peace.

Institute of Pathology


• Provides pathological examinations to Royal Thai Army Hospitals as well as provide blood bank service both during military operation and civilian.
• AIP also supports the laboratory development of all RTA Hospitals to the international standard.

Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences


• Conduct researches and analyses related to diseases that impede military operations by diagnosis and determine effective preventions as well as to conduct researches with allied countries.

Army Nursing College


• The main institute that produces nurses for Royal Thai Army by implantation of both military and civil professional nurse.

Field Deployments
The Royal Thai Army Medical Department is also tasked with Military Operations other Than War such as humanitarian assistance under the auspices of the United Nations in Cambodia, East Timor, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Burundi. Our officers have served in the medical section of the African Union Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur: UNAMID. Furthermore, we have been honoured to serve in crisis consequence management in such diverse international and domestic situations such as the Bali Bombing, the Iranian and Indonesian earthquakes, and the tsunami and mudslide rescue operations in Thailand.

Civil-Military Cooperation
Academic Cooperation of the medical department includes domestic and international. On the domestic side, there is an affiliation with Thammasat University at post-graduate levels. Standing affiliations includes USUHS of USA and Monash University of Australia. Excellence relationships with Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Acupuncture Training Courses for the past 5 years.

Telemedicine represents a vital link between the medical department and the rest of the world. There has been an active exchange program via this media with Tripler Army Medical Centre in Hawaii. Other international affairs include training in International Red Cross and US Department of Defence cosponsored Humanitarian Assistance in Large Population Courses, sending medical personnel to be trained and certified in Advanced Trauma Life Support in Singapore.



Surgeon General
Panlert Klaewtanong MD
Vice Admiral

Royal Thai Navy
504 Taksin Road Thonburi
Bangkok 10600

Basic Task of the Military Medical Service

Health service for the beneficiary.
Health service for readiness.



Military Hospitals

Photo Somdejphrapinklao Hospital

Number of beds: 750
Specialized Clinics: Ob-Gyn Laparoscopy, Family Planning Clinic Internal Medicine, Dermatology, Nephrology, Oncology, Haematology, Endocrine, Neurology, Chest clinic, Pediatrics Newborn, Preterm, Nephrology, Respiratory diseases, Allergy, Surgery Laparoscopy, Proctoscope, Plastic Surgery, Urology, Neuro Surgery, Orthopedics Laparoscope, Opthalmology Lens implantation, Corneal transplantation, Otolaryngology Speech therapy, Alternative medicine Acupuncture.

Somdejphranangchaosirikit Hospital


Number of beds: 420 beds
Specializations: General hospital
The number of departments: Directorate Division, Division of Out-Patient, Division of Medicine, Division of Surgery, Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Division of Pediatrics, Division of Orthopedics, Division of Anaesthesiology, Division of Ophthalmology, Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Division of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation, Division of Dental, Division of Nursing, Division of Professional Activities, Division of Medical Services, Division of Pathology, Division of Radiology, Division of Pharmacy, Division of Supports, Division of Finance. Main diagnostic equipment: Spiral CT scan, Fluoroscope ultra-sound, Gastroscope, Bronchoscope, Ureterorenoscope, Echo Cardiogram.

Bangkok Naval Hospital

The number of beds: 76 beds.
Specializations: Psychiatry & Drug addict.
The number of departments: 4.
Specialized clinics: Psychiatry clinics, Rehabilitation clinics, Oriental clinics.
Main diagnostic equipment: Plain X-Ray, Routine blood chemistry tests & urine examination, EKG.

Abhakornkiartiwong Sattahip Naval Base Hospital

The number of beds: 47 beds can be extended to 108 beds.
Specializations: psychology, underwater medicine, preventive medicine.
The number of departments: 12.
Specialized clinics: Psychiatry, Alternative Medicine.
Main diagnostic equipment: blood chemistry laboratory, microbiology, x-ray.
Equipment: 1 Inflatable tent, 4 tents.


Division of Underwater and Aviation Medicine
Establish, provide and maintain Underwater and Aviation Duty Medical Standards for the Navy Personnel, provide Medical Support for the Underwater Operations and Aviation, provide Medical Support in Aeromedical Evacuation, Referral Centre for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, Data Collection, Analysis, Evaluation, Research and Development in Underwater and Aviation Medicine.

Division of Education

Training facilities for Medical Service Officers: Post basic surgical nursing and perioperative nursing, Underwater and hyperbaric nursing, Pathological technician program, Post basic program in mental health and psychiatric nursing, nursing of health promotion and prevention, Medical logistics technician, Dental technician program, Underwater and hyperbaric medicine for psychiatric.

Number of Medical Service Personnel


Field Deployments

Medical Battalion,
Service Support Regiment Marine Division

First Responder:

• First Aid.
• Basic first aid (self-aid, buddy aid).
• Advanced First Aid (combat lifesavers).
• Combat Medic and/or Corpsman Care.
• Advance Casualty Management.


Physician box8
Physician bag9
Medic box27
Medic bag165
Protected Ambulance cars4

Experience of active deployment with medical services of
other nation:

Humanitarian assistance in disaster relieves at Iran, Indonesia, Humanitarian assistance in peace operation in Timor-Leste and Iraq.

Civil-Military Cooperation

Medical Battalion, Service Support Regiment Air and Coastal Defence Command
National Health and Medical Action plan for disaster prevention and relief.

Equipment supplied: 2 tents, medical box, set minor, set suture, 80 medic bags, 3 field ambulance transport vehicles.


Surgeon General
Kriangkrai Sothonchai
Air Marshal

Director of the Directorate of Air Medical Services
171 Paholyothin Road, Klongthanon, Saimai
Bangkok 10220

Basic Task of the Military Medical Service

  • Planning, staffing, organizing and evaluating RTAF medical operation.
  • Research and development in RTAF medical science.
  • Medical services in military medicine, general medicine, preventive medicine and prevention of NBC warfare.
  • Medical personnel training.
  • Medical logistic.
  • Knowledge management in RTAF medicine.


Directorate of Medical Service is directly under command of RTAF Chief Commander.
10 Wing Hospitals with 30–50 beds (directly under RTAF command).
3 Independent squadron medical units.
9 Air defence medical support units.
8 Telecommunication relay centre medical units.
1 Special support centre medical unit.


PhotoHeadquarters of RTAF Medical Service

PhotoRoyal Thai Air Force Hospital Klumket

Military Hospitals (examples)
10 Hospitals

1. Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital, Bangkok

  • 705 beds with 800 beds full capacity.
  • Departments: OPD, medicine, surgery, orthopaedic, obstetrics and gynaecology, paediatrics, pathology, ophthalmology, ear-nose-throat, radiology, dental nursing, pharmacy, anesthesiology, blood bank, rehabilitation, medical education, cardiac centre, respiratory unit, nutritional unit and infectious control unit.

2. Chantarubakesa Hospital, Nakhon Pathom

  • 350 beds with 500 beds full capacity.
  • Departments: medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology, OPD, aviation medicine, preventive medicine, anesthesiology, radiology, pathology, eye ear-nose-throat, paediatrics, pharmacy, dentistry, orthopaedics, rehabilitation and nursing.


Institute of Aviation Medicine


  • Planning, staffing, organizing and evaluating RTAF aviation medicine.
  • Research and development of aviation medicine.
  • Licensing of pilots.
  • Medical services for pilot and flight personnel.
  • Logistic on aviation medicine.
  • Medical air evacuation.

    Location: 171 Paholyothin Road, Klongthanon, Saimai, Bangkok 10220.
    Departments: Technical Division, Pilot Health Control, Flight Safety, Aviation Pathology, Air Evacuation Center OPD service only.

Preventive Medicine Division, Bangkok
• OPD service only.
• Departments: health sanitary, clinical pathology, public health, infectious control, health promotion and veterinary.

Number of Medical Service Personnel

Qualified physicians349
Qualified dentists36
Assisting/nursing Personnel2168


  • Training for medical services officers in Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital.
  • Residency training in 17 subspecialties including general surgery, otolaryngology, orthopaedics, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology, pediatric, aviation medicine, neurosurgery, family medicine, emergency medicine, critical care medicine, nephrology, cardiology, gastroenterology, gynecologic oncology, neonatology and perinatology, traumatic surgery.
  • Training for assisting/nursing in RTAF nursing college.

Field Deployments

  • 20 Fields Units (directly under RTAF deployed unit).
  • Wing hospital or RTAF medical unit is responsible for the area around RTAF air bases.
  • Medical air evacuation centre, institute of aviation medicine is responsible for air evacuation upon request from air command control centre, RTAF.
  • Equipment.
  • Protected Transport Vehicle of the medical services for ground transportation.
  • C-130 for an evacuation aircraft.
  • Experience of active deployment with medical service of other nation.
  • East Timor in 2004.
  • Iraq in 2005.

Civil-Military Cooperation

  • Integration of the military medical services in the civilian healthcare system.
  • Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital affiliation with Chulalongkorn University for medical student graduate training.
  • Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital under the medical council of Thailand for postgraduate medical residency training.
  • Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital and Chantarubeksa Hospital involve in the civilian health care system and social security system.
  • RTAF hospitals involved in the universal coverage project.
  • Institute of aviation medicine trained several aviation medicine course for civilian airline personnel.

(status: 08 April 2022)