Article: D. Willms, A. Betzholz, M. Zallet (Germany)
The Bundeswehr Central Hospital (BwCenHosp) in Koblenz is the largest military medical treatment facility in the Federal Republic of Germany and firmly integrated in the civilian healthcare network of the Federal State of Rhineland-Palatinate. Built by the French Army in 1952 and taken over by the Bundeswehr in 1957, the Bundeswehr Central Hospital by now ... more
Article: Z. VEKERDI, A. GROSZ, L. SVED, P. BAZSO, G. K. SZUGYIEZKI (HUNGARY)
Hungarian Experience in Integrating Military and Civilian Medical Capabilities - Competence as a Driving Factor
The article highlights the issue from a strategic point of view and does not go into details of its operational and tactical aspects. MCIF readers get a short introduction, background and the main requirements for a comprehensive approach to integration of military and civilian medical capabilities, using competence as a driving factor, within one organization, under military management.
The authors intend to generate discussions that can contribute to development of recommendations how to approach integration of civilian and military medical capabilities within one organization. These recommendations will inevitably go beyond national aspects of integration efforts, defining the appropriate level of interaction between the political, ... more
Article: R. MEIJERING (RNLAF)
In the MCIF issue 1/2010 an article was published called “Multinational Approach in Medical support to NATO Operations”. In this article the author, Col Dr Fazekas, explains the need for multinational cooperation and the definition of standards for Multinational Medical Units to ensure minimum quality requirements. This need resulted in the development of the AMedP-27, the NATO Medical Evaluation Manual and the promulgation of its covering STANAG 2650 in 2010.
In a following article from the same author, Col Dr Fazekas describes the design and conduct of the pilot Medical Evaluation (MEDEVAL) Course. In the meantime two medical exercises were evaluated, the MEDEVAL course had evolved tremendously and the preparation for four major international evaluation and certification projects were ongoing. The magnitude of ... more
Report: J. PERALBA, J. COUCEIRO DE MIGUEL, V.N. GAVILÁN (SPAIN)
War and combat has served for centuries as an engine for research, progress and as an experimental ground to test theories and hypothesis. Some advances and conclusions were the result of just observations or casual events and others the result of specific scientific research geared for war or just applications of scientific knowledge in other fields of the combat arena. This has also been the case in the medical field.
Report: H.-U. HOLTHERM (GERMANY)
At the 2002 NATO Summit still under the impression of the terror attacks in the United States, decisive capability gaps were
shown to exist within NATO. Among other issues, warnings were raised about the lack in capability for the near-real-time (NRT)
detection of disease outbreaks and the determination of whether these outbreaks are to be attributed to the use of biological
weaponry or to natural causes. Since 2003, under the lead of NATO Allied Command Transformation (ACT), existing capabilities
and systems of NATO partners have therefore been identified and examined as to their suitability for operational use in NATO
Report: S. WALDECK, E.K. KOLLIG (GERMANY)
Interventional radiology is a relatively recent development within the field of radiology. It has extended the reach of the technique from use in purely diagnostic procedures to employment as part of minimally invasive treatment approaches.
The main feature of interventional radiology is that it provides imaging guidance during therapeutic intervention, whereby all forms of radiological media can be used (CT, ultrasound, fluoroscopy). Particular successes have been achieved with CT-guided intervention under damage control conditions in Camp Marmal in Mazar-e-Sharif (MES), the base of the ... more
Article: L. Nikollari, E. Kukeli (Albania)
The Central University Military Hospital(CUMH) was founded 83 years ago, on September 26, 1929. Itisone ofthe mostimportantmedicalinstitutionsin Albania for tradition,experiencecreatedduring many years of operation, and contributing notably to the development of Albanian military and civilian medicine. ... more
Article: R. BALAZS (HUN)
Trauma Registries are the golden standards in civilian trauma patient care for performance improvement, quality assurance and trauma system development. Few countries have implemented a military counterpart of such a system, collecting combat casualty care in different military operations. Committee of the Chiefs of Military Medical Services in NATO ... more
Report: J. M. MULVEY (Australia), A. A. QADRI, M. A. MAQSOOD (Pakistan)
The October 8, 2005 earthquake in Northern Pakistan had widespread destructive effects throughout the northern subcontinent.
Large numbers of people were killed or severely injured and many medical services destroyed. This report describes the experience of the only standing surgical hospital in the Kashmir region of Bagh District. A total of 149 patients received emergency surgery using ketamine anaesthesia with benzodiazepine premedication. This was found to be safe, effective ... more
Article: C. E. CORLISS (UNITED STATES)
As training resources and time become increasingly scarce new training methods and venues must be utilized to ensure mission readiness of Aerovac units to Airlift Wounded Warriors. The 94th Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron of the US Air Force Reserve Command is integrating simulation into initial and continuation training for flight nurses and flight medics. ... more
Article: Brig Harjinder S Bhatoe VSM
With rapid evacuation of patients with craniocerebral missile injury (CMI) from the combat zone to neurosurgical centers, early evaluation with computed tomography (CT), improved surgical techniques and post-operative care, there has been an overall improvement in the survival of these patients. Series have reported improved survival even in patients with ... more
Article: D. FISCHER (GERMANY)
A Challenge for Military Medical Ethics
Among the multiple problems Military Medical Ethics has to face, the threat to Humanitas in asymmetric conflict appears to be a particular challenge. It is worthwhile to explore such a fundamental phenomenon as the Humanitas in the light of the new wars, as it is of crucial importance for the medical services. ... more
Article: M. LÜPKE (GERMANY)
In 2012, 18.63 % of all dental procedures performed during tours of duty of the German Armed Foces (Bundeswehr) were caused by periodontal problems. These 819 treatment sessions represent a not unimportant factor that requires more detailed analysis. The inflammatory periodontal disorders in question were gingivitis and periodontitis. These usually chronic ... more
Article: C. v. SEE, C. KÜHLHORN, F. HELLWIG, N.-C. GELLRICH (GERMANY)
A critical review
As part of their preparation for active deployment, personnel of the armed forces are required to undergo a medical examination that is appropriate to the proposed theatre of operations. This generally includes a thorough dental examination. In addition to assessing specific absolute criteria, the examining dentists also determine whether problems are ... more
Article: R. van der Meer, MD (NL)
The Article is based on a lecture, delivered during the 40th ICMM World Congress on Military Medicine, 7-12 Dec 2013, Jeddah, Saudi-Arabia.
The use of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) in recent conflict often results in complex orthopedic/neurological trauma, which may include limb loss, spinal cord injuries and traumatic brain injury. Survival rate have increased very much, but unfortunately many warriors sustained limb amputations. The primary rehabilitation goal for these individuals is ... more
Report: K. POLLO, H. BRAHO, L. NIKOLLARI (HUNGARY)
Tracheal injuries are seen in approximately 1%–7% of patients with penetrating neck injuries. Although they are rare, a high suspicion should be maintained because of the potential for life-threatening airway compromise. This case report aims to emphasize this claim.
Greater urban violence has resulted in an increased incidence of penetrating neck trauma. Penetrating neck wounds can present difficult diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas. The evaluation and management of such injuries, however, remains controversial. Factors contributing to these problems are complex anatomy, proximity of vital structures, and potential ... more
Report: A.LISON, M.GRUENE (GERMANY)
A prevention programme for personnel injured in the line of duty − a lifetime concept
In the form of its 'Continuous, interdisciplinary medical care of soldiers injured in the line of duty to restore, retain and improve their psychological and physical capacity' concept, the medical services of the Bundeswehr (German Armed Forces) have evolved a comprehensive medical programme designed for the support of personnel who have been wounded, ... more
Article: Elizabeth Ashton MB ChB,FRCPsych, RAF
Article based on conference presentation at NATO MilMed conference, Budapest, 25 Jun 14
This article is to give an overview of how British Armed Forces mental health care is structured and give some background data for mental disorder in the UK Military; to explain the working model of the Defence Medical Rehabilitation Centre (DMRC) Headley Court and to present some of the work of the mental health team at DMRC. ... more
Report: CH. SCHREYER, A. WILLMS, S. SCHAAF, R. SCHWAB (GERMANY)
High Pressure Injection Injury with Hydraulic Fluid
In general, penetrating thoracic trauma per se is rare and high-pressure injection injuries to the rib cage in particular are uncommon. This case describes for the first time a penetrating thoracic trauma caused by a jet of hydraulic oil. ... more
Article: Á. REMÉNYI, A. GRÓSZ, F. HELFFERICH (HUNGARY)
Scientific surveys have shown an increase in the incidence of allergic rhinitis in recent decades. This condition, infrequent earlier, has now become a more common disease, representing a significant problem for general epidemiology and the economy due to the impairment of health and reduction in work ability caused by its symptoms. The emergence of this ... more
Article: M. Melcher
At the end of July 2015, the Federal Office of Bundeswehr Equipment, Information Technology and In-Service Support (BAAINBw) handed over the first serially produced land-based casualty decontamination facility to the Medical Training Regiment (MedTrg Regt) in Feldkirchen. Thus the Bundeswehr Joint Medical Service now has a new capability in the field of ... more
Article: Th. Eger, J. Weyer, R. Thierbach (Germany)
Untreated advanced periodontal disease is a main reason for the development of dental emergencies and sick call during deployments. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of a postgraduate periodontal training on the quantity of periodontal treatment and prevention.
Periodontitis, meanwhile being the most common dental disorder responsible for the biggest part of tooth loss until the age of 65, has come to the fore of treatment needs in Germany. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of a postgraduate periodontal training program of 148 continuing education (CE) hours on the quantity of periodontal ... more
Report: DUAN LianNing, LUO Yuan, LU ChengRong, XU XianRong, WANG JianChang
The aim of this paper is to analyze the characteristics of hematological diseases in 83 Air Force aircrews and investigate its relationship to their flying ability and medical evaluation. Our results suggest that most aircrew patients can return to flying position after treatment except malignant or progressive diseases. The medical evaluation should be made according to the nature and prognosis of disease，therapeutic efficacy, as well as the flying airplane type.
Health assessment of aircrews is very important to maintain flight safety and guarantee continuous operation. Environmental and physical factors in flight could influence blood immune regulation. Till now, the identification basis of blood-immune system diseases is still in shortage because of low incidence, diverse symptom and ... more
Article: Patrick Leander Scheid
Infectious diseases are among the most common causes of morbidity in military deployment situations. Their diagnosis requires
special equipment and expertise, which are both normally provided by laboratories within the mission area. In order to further
enhance the diagnostic process by means of distant expert support, a telemicrobiology module ... more
Report: ASHOT ZOHRABYAN
The necrosis and bacterial infestation of chronic wounds caused by nowadays firearms or explosive mines create a serious medical dilemma for the Army of the Armenian Republic. These wounds are characterized by extensive tissue damage, by massive destruction not only of the affected area, but also of the surrounding tissues, ... more